What does the word autism mean?
Autism causes children to experience the world differently from most other children. Children with autism find it hard to talk to others and they are more difficult to express in words. Children with autism generally stick to themselves and cannot communicate without special help.
They can react to what is happening around them in an unusual way. Common sounds can often upset children with autism – so much to clog their ears. Even gentle touches can be unpleasant. Children with autism often cannot establish contact with other people. For example, when someone smiles at you, you know that he is happy and friendly. Children with autism have a problem connecting the smile to the person’s mood.
A child with autism often has a problem connecting the word with its meaning. Imagine that you are trying to understand what your mother is telling you, and you do not really know what her words mean. It is even more upsetting if the child cannot find true words that express his feelings.
Autism causes children to behave in an unusual way. They can clap their hands, repeat the same word, have outbursts of turbulent mood, or constantly play with one toy. Most autistic children do not want change in everyday routine. They always want to have the same schedule. They can insist that their toys always be arranged in a certain way and be upset if someone moves them.
When someone has autism, his or her brain has a problem to complete a certain job: to find a sense in the world that surrounds it. Every day your brain explains the movements, sounds, smells and other feelings you experience. If your brain cannot help you understand these things, then you will have problems with behavior, speech, going to school, and performing everyday tasks. Children may have a mild form of autism and have minor problems in their life, they also may be more affected by autism and need constant help.
Autism is a topic that has been more and more talked about over the past few years, not only in our country but also globally. According to the Center for Disease Control in the United States, today 1 out of 68 children has some form of this disorder, compared with 1 in 88 children in 2012 and 1 in 110 children in 2010. What causes autism?
Autism attacks one in 150 children, but nobody knows what causes it. Scientists believe there is a greater possibility of autism if that or other similar disorders have already existed in his family. It is very difficult to find the true cause of autism because the human brain is very complex. The human brain consists of more than 100 billion brain cells called neurons. Each neuron may have hundreds or thousands of links that transmit messages to other brain cells. These linkages and carriers (called neurotransmitters) allow neurons to help us see, feel, remember, and normally perform our duties.
For some reason, some brain cells and links in the brain of a child with autism – especially those that allow communication, emotions, and feelings – do not develop as they should or they are damaged. Scientists are still trying to understand how and why this is happening. 5 Early warning signs of autism that must not be ignored
Therefore, it is not surprising that many parents of babies and young children often ask the question “Is my child autistic?”.
To help many worried mothers and fathers to answer this question, we list these 5 early warning signs of autism that cannot be ignored. “Numerous studies have so far shown that early intervention is most important to achieve the best results in children with autism, and many believe that the sooner it is revealed, the better”
IS THE CHILD REACTING WHEN YOU CALL HIS OR HER NAME?
Usually, babies who develop normally respond to their name, directing attention to the person who calls them. Unlike them, babies who are diagnosed with autism often do not react when they hear their name. In only about 20% of cases, these children turn around and look at the person who calls them.
Babies with autism usually selectively react to sounds. For example, a baby with autism may not turn his head when a parent calls his name but suddenly reacts to the switch on the TV. Often, parents mistakenly suspect that their child has hearing problems.
DOES THE SMALL CHILDREN INCLUDE IN ACTIVITIES REQUESTING “COMMON ATTENTION”?
“Common attention” means the child joining another person in the observation of the same subject or the same activity. Usually, babies redirect the view from people to objects, look in the direction they show by hand, or show them toys or other items on their faces. For example, a baby can point his finger at a dog and look at his parents as if he wanted to say: “See this!” But, a child with autism does not look in the direction shown by anyone, does not redirect the view from people to objects and vice versa, nor does it show the toys and objects to their parents.
DOES THE CHILD IMITATE OTHERS?
Babies mimic the others, whether through facial movements (for example, making funny faces), creating specific sounds with their voice, or by waving, clapping their hands, and other similar gestures. However, babies with autism are imitating other person’s facial expressions or hands-on gestures less often.
DOES THE CHILD REACT ON OTHERS ‘EMOTIONS?
Babies laugh when someone laughs or they start smiling when they play with toys. When a typical child sees a crying child, it can start to cry to show anxiety. On the other hand, a child with autism may not return to someone else’s smiles or invitations to play and it may seem that it does not notice the cries of others.
DOES THE CHILD INCLUDE IN ACTING GAMES?
Young children worship the games with acting (to act as mother, father, baby, pony or dog). The ability for such games usually develops by the end of the second year. For example, a child can play that she is the mother of one of the dolls, combing her hair, or prepare a dinner on a toy stove. Unlike a child with autism, which cannot be associated with the objects at all or devote entirely to one toy. Some children obsessively observe the movements of their hands. In general, the ability to play acting games is absent in children with autism under the age of 2.