The most common cause of hypothyroidism is chronic autoimmune inflammation – Hashimoto thyroiditis. Reduced function can also be caused by lack of iodine in the diet and some other diseases.
Hypothyroidism or decreased thyroid function can occur at any age and is particularly common in older people. This is more common with women.
One of the symptoms is weight gain mainly due to water retention in the body. People with hypothyroidism with nutrition can contribute a lot to improving the overall health condition and should be really disciplined and persistent.
In patients with hypothyroidism, the diet must satisfy:
-Food intake that stimulates the function of the thyroid gland,
-Foods that have an adverse effect on her work should be avoided,
-Avoid food intake that reduces iodine resorption.
The lack of iodine in the diet as a cause of hypothyroidism is rare due to the obligatory iodination of the kitchen salt. The risk of diminishing the function has people who throw kitchen cuisine out of their diet and do not use fish and seafood rich in iodine.
People with hypothyroidism need to include in their diet:
-Plenty of fruits (especially apricots, avocados, bananas)
-Vegetables (carrots, spinach, sunflower)
-Give priority to the foods that are the source of vitamin A-Integral cereals, sea fish-source omega three fatty acids and vitamin D.
Foods that slow down iodine resorption in the body and which should be avoided. They are cabbage, pepper, peanuts, mustard, soybean, broccoli, linseed, millet. These are the so-called. They should not be thrown out of nutrition completely because they are healthy and prevent the appearance of some types of cancer. But they should be consumed up to two to three times a month and never more at the same time.
People suffering from hypothyroidism are prone to imprisonment – constipation. Therefore, it is necessary to eat at least 30g of dietary fiber daily. They are in integral cereals, fruits and vegetables. They have the function that in the digestive organs of the kidneys and thus trigger the intestines and improve digestion. In addition, they increase satiety and reduce resorption of fat and sugar. The change in nutrition should be gradual, because if the intake of dietary fibers increases rapidly, stomach bloating may occur.
Additionally, selenium, vitamin A, D, omega-3 fatty acids are preferred, but only according to the expert advice of doctors.