Broccoli – a secret weapon against diabetes
According to a new study, broccoli contains an ingredient that can help those with type 2 diabetes to better control blood sugar levels, potentially allowing a new treatment for this disease.
In experiments on mice with diabetes, it has been proven that a chemical called sulforaphane reduced glucose levels, and from tests on 97 human volunteers for 12 weeks, it was found that this reduction was around 10%, which is enough to reduce complications that may occur in the eyes, kidneys or blood.
The dose of sulforaphane was equivalent to an injection of 11 pounds of broccoli per day, and researchers hope that it may soon be adapted to a powder that would be added to foods or beverages.
It is important to note that almost all (except three) participants in the study continued to take metformin, a drug already used to regulate diabetes.
The researchers believe that sulforaphane might eventually replace metformin in some patients, as some of them should not be taken because of the risk of kidney damage.
Both chemicals have a different approach to dealing with the disease – sulforaphane suppresses liver enzymes that stimulate the production of glucose, while metformin makes the cells more sensitive to insulin, bypassing blood glucose.
As with any other drug, larger and more detailed studies are needed before it is approved for daily use.