The traditional (folk) medicine, according to the very name, originates from the people, is the first form of treatment and it is based on experiences and traditional preparations (teas, mills, syrups and various blends). It exists after the person exists. Even today, it is represented to a lesser extent, but still stands very close to modern medical practice. Not only medicine but also medical thought existed several thousand years before Greek physicians appeared (Paul Cardeno).
In traditional folk medicine the rule applies that vegetable (herbal) preparations, diet, exercise, etc. are useful means to preserve health.
Areas of folk Phytotherapy
Under the term folk phytotherapy we mean several areas: folk phytopathy, animal medicine, folk surgery and magic medicine.
- Folk phytotherapy uses substances of plant origin, and helps in reducing pain, wound healing, etc. In this sense, teas, mills, drops, solutions, etc. are prepared.
- Animal medicine is the use of substances of animal origin for therapeutic purposes. It was especially actual in the middle Ages.
- Folk surgery is cherish even today in some environments. It used to be associated with the Berber and blacksmith craft (putting blood, teeth extracting, fixing fractures and spasms). People who dealt with these procedures called them wolves or vultures.
- In magic medicine, the onset of the disease was explained by the action of supernatural powers and demons. They were practiced by tribal physicians, healers, shamans, and others. Preventive treatment in magic medicine was the wearing of amulets, amulets and talismans. Example: The most common therapeutic procedure in magic medicine is the exorcism – the eviction of demons (devils) from the body of the patient.